Colloidal particles uniformly coded with nonbiological ligands become encoded with directional information, which may guide the multiple-step self-assembly of colloidal building blocks into hierarchically structured functional materials, mimicking the specificity of molecular assemblies governed by spatial coordination and valance states.
The creation of a library of wet-chemical synthesis routines and design principles for tailoring multiple interactions will offer unlimited opportunities for the bottom-up design and creation of novel structured functional materials through colloidal assembly, revolutionizing the materials discovery toward desirable applications in such as energy, biomedical, optical, and electronic fields.
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